This section includes information on substances, mixtures, and all chemicals where a trade secret is claimed. This section describes the initial care that should be given by untrained responders to an individual who has been exposed to the chemical.
This section provides recommendations for fighting a fire caused by the chemical. This section provides recommendations on the appropriate response to spills, leaks, or releases, including containment and cleanup practices to prevent or minimize exposure to people, properties, or the environment. It may also include recommendations distinguishing between responses for large and small spills where the spill volume has a significant impact on the hazard.
The required information may consist of recommendations for:. This section provides guidance on the safe handling practices and conditions for safe storage of chemicals. This section indicates the exposure limits, engineering controls, and personal protective measures that can be used to minimize worker exposure.
This section identifies physical and chemical properties associated with the substance or mixture. The minimum required information consists of:. The SDS may not contain every item on the above list because information may not be relevant or is not available.
When this occurs, a notation to that effect must be made for that chemical property. Manufacturers may also add other relevant properties, such as the dust deflagration index Kst for combustible dust, used to evaluate a dust's explosive potential. This section describes the reactivity hazards of the chemical and the chemical stability information.
This section is broken into three parts: reactivity, chemical stability, and other. This section identifies toxicological and health effects information or indicates that such data are not available. This section provides information to evaluate the environmental impact of the chemical s if it were released to the environment. The information may include:. This section provides guidance on proper disposal practices, recycling or reclamation of the chemical s or its container, and safe handling practices.
This section provides guidance on classification information for shipping and transporting of hazardous chemical s by road, air, rail, or sea. This section identifies the safety, health, and environmental regulations specific for the product that is not indicated anywhere else on the SDS. This section indicates when the SDS was prepared or when the last known revision was made.
The SDS may also state where the changes have been made to the previous version. You may wish to contact the supplier for an explanation of the changes.
Other useful information also may be included here. Employers must ensure that the SDSs are readily accessible to employees for all hazardous chemicals in their workplace. This may be done in many ways. For example, employers may keep the SDSs in a binder or on computers as long as the employees have immediate access to the information without leaving their work area when needed and a back-up is available for rapid access to the SDS in the case of a power outage or other emergency.
Furthermore, employers may want to designate a person s responsible for obtaining and maintaining the SDSs.
If the employer does not have an SDS, the employer or designated person s should contact the manufacturer to obtain one. Disclaimer: This brief provides a general overview of the safety data sheet requirements in the Hazard Communication Standard see 29 CFR It does not alter or determine compliance responsibilities in the standard or the Occupational Safety and Health Act of Since interpretations and enforcement policy may change over time, the reader should consult current OSHA interpretations and decisions by the Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission and the courts for additional guidance on OSHA compliance requirements.
Please note that states with OSHA-approved state plans may have additional requirements for chemical safety data sheets, outside of those outlined above. This is one in a series of informational briefs highlighting OSHA programs, policies or standards. It does not impose any new compliance requirements.
This information will be made available to sensory-impaired individuals upon request. The voice phone is ; teletypewriter TTY number: Please note that states with OSHA-approved state plans may have additional requirements for chemical safety data sheets, outside of those outlined above. This is one in a series of informational briefs highlighting OSHA programs, policies or standards. It does not impose any new compliance requirements. This information will be made available to sensory-impaired individuals upon request. The voice phone is ; teletypewriter TTY number: For assistance, contact us.
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A description of all 16 sections of the SDS, along with their contents, is presented below: Section 1: Identification. Section 2: Hazard s Identification. Section 4: First-Aid Measures. Section 5: Fire-Fighting Measures.
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